Dmitri Shostakovich

Discoveries from the Fleisher Collection
4:33 pm
Sat April 5, 2014

Shakespeare's 450th

Poster for the 1964 film Hamlet, music by Dmitri Shostakovich

On Discoveries from the Fleisher Collection, Saturday, 5 to 6 pm, we celebrate the 450th anniversary of the birth of William Shakespeare, who lived from 1564 to 1616, and well-apparell’d April (Romeo and Juliet, act 1, scene 2) being the very month he was born, approves our dip into Fleisher’s Shakespeare list once more.

The Free Library of Philadelphia is celebrating the Bard’s birth (find all the events here)—our whole city is much bound to him (Romeo and Juliet, 4, 2)—so we’re happy to join in the great coil (Much Ado About Nothing, 3, 3) with more of the many Fleisher works inspired by Shakespeare. To discover all such titles in the Fleisher Collection, only send an email to fleisher@freelibrary.org, and the list will fly swiftly to you with swallow’s wings (Richard III, 5, 2).

One year, 1861, saw the completion of two of the works on the program today. One is the Overture to King Lear by the Russian Mily Balakirev. That a composer known for energizing the Russian nationalist school of music would write a work connected with an English playwright is interesting. But Balakirev’s horizons were broader than the mere use of folksong.
 

Tellingly, he also supported the career of Tchaikovsky (when other Russian nationalists were grumbling about the European—meaning non-Russian, meaning German—sound of his music). Tchaikovsky, of course, loved Shakespeare. Balakirev’s early Overture to King Lear shows that the composer, although largely self-taught, knew the “European” orchestral style well. Even though he finished the work in 1861, he revised it 40 years later, after a long withdrawal from the music world.

It could hardly be more appropriate than to have music about the Danish Hamlet by the Danish Niels Gade, the most important musician in his country at the time. Nationalism was also in the air in Denmark, and early in his life Gade studied Danish folk traditions. But he went to Germany, taught and conducted there, and when he came back to Copenhagen his style was more international: this, in 1861, is the sound of Gade’s Hamlet.

Carried with more speed before the wind (The Comedy of Errors, 1, 1), we fly a century later to music from the 1964 film Hamlet by another Russian, Dmitri Shostakovich. He wrote prodigiously for the concert stage, but went back to film music often during his career. One reason for this was his on-again, off-again relationship with the Soviet regime. Many of his artist colleagues were imprisoned because of putative sins against the government, some were killed, and for most of his life Shostakovich was haunted by the fear of the knock on the door in the middle of the night.

But film music was an approved outlet. Shostakovich’s sometimes-violent voice seems tamer on film, but hearing the music removed from the visual is a bright reminder of his genius. That Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, and Shakespeare, the Bard of Avon, could release this for us, approves celebration of this day with shows (King Henry VIII, 4,1).

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The Philadelphia Orchestra in Concert
7:34 am
Wed November 20, 2013

Yefim Bronfman Plays Beethoven: The Philadelphia Orchestra in Concert on WRTI, Nov. 24 at 1 PM

Pianist Yefim Bronfman

This Sunday at 1 pm, join us for a Philadelphia Orchestra concert from October. Yefim Bronfman, one of the world's greatest pianists, brings his unique blend of power, virtuosity, and grace to Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 4 - its delicate solo opening bars and fiery conclusion serving as an ideal vehicle to showcase Bronfman's talents.

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Creatively Speaking
10:34 am
Mon November 18, 2013

Shostakovich and Beethoven and the Power of Music

Conductor Semyon Bychkov leads the Philadelphians in this Sunday's WRTI concert broadcast - November 24th at 1 pm.

Beethoven and Shostakovich grew up in different countries in different centuries. But, as WRTI’s Susan Lewis reports, a renowned Russian conductor, leading The Philadelphia Orchestra on this week’s concert broadcast, finds a great affinity between the two musical giants.

Sunday afternoon, November 24, 2013, on WRTI, Semyon Byshkov leads The Philadelphia Orchestra in a performance of Shostakovich’s 11th Symphony and Beethoven’s fourth piano concerto, with Yefim Bronfman as soloist. Susan will interview Maestro Semyon Byshkov at Intermission about Shostakovich's 11th Symphony.

Listen to Susan interview conductor Semyon Byshkov about the connection between Beethoven and Shostakovich.