Alexander Glazunov combined the spice of Russian nationalism with the smoothness of European symphonic music. On this edition of Discoveries from the Fleisher Collection, we'll hear the music of this transitional and important figure, the student of Rimsky-Korsakov, and the teacher of Shostakovich.
Alexander Glazunov (1865-1936): The Seasons, Winter, Introduction, Scene, and Two Variations (1899). Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Jos? Serebrier, conductor
Glazunov: Symphony No. 1, "Slavyanskaya," E major, Op. 5 (1882). Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Jose Serebrier, conductor
Glazunov: Dance from Salome, (1899). Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Jose Serebrier, conductor
Alexander Glazunov is a transitional figure in Russian classical music. He combined forces once thought to be opposed - nationalism vs. cosmopolitanism, country vs. city, East vs. West - and by so doing, he helped to establish the formidable musical legacy of Russia. In his compositions he proved that this fusion could succeed.
He was born late enough to miss the contretemps among Balakirev, Rubinstein, and others concerning the propriety of folk styles in concert music. His precociousness has something to do with it; at only 16 and already studying with Rimsky-Korsakov, he heard the premiere of his first symphony (conducted by Balakirev). It is a delightful amalgam of popular and classical sensibilities, and was an immediate hit. The music-loving businessman Belyayev (who played in a community orchestra) took notice, and started a company to publish the music of Glazunov, Rimsky-Korsakov, and other illustrious composers. It grew into a giant among classical music publishing houses, and is still in existence today.
Glazunov quickly became one of the leaders of the new Russian music. He worked with Rimsky-Korsakov to edit and finish works of Borodin; his memory was so phenomenal that he was able to write down Borodin's Overture to Prince Igor after hearing it played once. He became a professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1899, the year he completed his ballet The Seasons. In 1905 the Conservatory made him its Director (after he resigned in protest of their firing of Rimsky-Korsakov), and soon after, amid international tours with concert upon concert of his music, he wrote Salome. He left Russia in 1928, following many other artists who could not work under the increasingly oppressive regime. He married, moved to Paris, and died there in 1936.
While the critical reception to his music is mixed, he is important because he solidifed trends during a time of upheaval. He improved and updated educational standards at the highest levels. His compositions are lyrical, intelligent, and often brilliant. He was a wizard orchestrator, following in the steps of his teacher and good friend, Rimsky-Korsakov. These are no mean accomplishments, and it takes a strong, determined, and exceptional musician to take these on, let alone succeed. Glazunov succeeded.