Philadelphia’s role in the formation of our government is characteristic of a time when the city and its leading residents were forging firsts of all kinds. As Handel’s Messiah is performed this holiday season, WRTI’s Meridee Duddleston wondered when and where those first citizens might have heard the great Baroque work.
Linda Wood is assistant head librarian in the music department at the Free Library of Philadelphia. She compiled several reference materials relating to the first performance and other early performances of Handel’s Messiah.
If you’re interested in learning more, check out these sources, which are available online below. They contain descriptions of the concert on May 4, 1786 when, the "Hallelujah" chorus was the last performance in a program that began with an overture, included five hymns, a flute concerto by a "Mr. Brown" and a violin concerto by a "Mr. Juhan."
Accompanied by an orchestra of 50, the chorus in that early Philadelphia performance was made up of 230 voices - enormous for that time –and rivaling the chorus of 275 at a Handel festival in London’s Westminster Abbey two years earlier.
Early Concert-Life in America (1731-1800), by O.G. Sonneck. Jump to pages 108-111 for information about the May 4, 1786 grand concert.
Annals of Music in Philadelphia and History of The Musical Fund Society, by Louis C. Mediera. Go to pages 36-37 for a description of the May 4, 1786 concert.
Both of these books are in the public domain and can be read online.